Cleaning

How do stain removers work?

The biggest problem that one faces is of removing of stains. Stains can include anything. It can be a stain of lemon juice or some chemical stain on the cupboard. There are stain removers available in the market. But there are basically three kinds of satin removers and they are bleaches, emulsifiers and solvents. All stain removers work on some basic principles. Here are the principles on which the stain removers work.

Bleach
This is the most commonly used stain removers in the household. There are many kinds of bleaches that are available in the market. If you opt for chlorine based bleaches then they will assist you in wiping out the molecules that are responsible for color. Chlorine based bleaches are strong and corrosive and can even damage fabrics. Another kind of bleach is the Hydrogen peroxide one which is also equally good.

Solvents
Another kind of stain remover is the solvent based. Solvents dissolve substances and wash them away from the surface. Petrol, benzene, trichloroethylene, acetone are some organic solvents while water and acids may be termed inorganic solvents.

Emulsifiers
Oil is not soluble in water. Similarly there are substances which are not soluble in water. Emulsifers are compounds which help bind these substances to water, loosen them from the surfaces to which they are clinging and be washed away. Soap is the best known emulsifier to common man.

Enzymes
Nowadays detergents and cleaning agents come enriched with industrial enzymes which help in breaking down the dust and dirt molecules which can then be easily washed away.

How to clean a scanner?

If you are using scanner for any official or personal use, you must know that dust or fingerprints on the glass can degrade the quality of scans. Hence, it is extremely important that your scanner must be well maintained. Here are some important instructions following which you can clean your scanner completely.

Things required
You require getting duster for electronics, source of compressed air, soft and lint free cloth as well as eyeglass cleaner.

Instructions
Gather all the required things which are mentioned above so that you do not have to search for everything at the time of cleaning.

Keep the scanner’s manual in front of you and go through and instructions and warning which are mentioned by them. If there are any specific instructions mentioned over there, make sure that you consider them while cleaning scanner.

First of all, unplug the scanner.

Take a lint free cloth and spray glass cleaner on that cloth.

Either raise the lid of the scanner or remove it.

Wipe glass in a proper manner till the time you feel that all dust particles and grease have been entirely removed.

Take a dry cloth and wipe off the screen immediately so that there are no marks left on it.

You can repeat the whole process if you feel that the scanner is not cleaned properly.

Clean the outer frame with the mild detergent dissolved in warm water.

Clean the inside portion of the glass only if recommended by the manufacture. It is because most of the manufactures recommend that you must hire professional services for cleaning interiors.

Tips and warnings
You must avoid those typical glass cleaning products as they can leave streaks. Avoid spraying cleaner directly into any part of the scanner. Do not use any kind of alcohol based product on the glass.

How to clean a microwave?

Cleaning a microwave can turn out to be an easy task if you are following the 6 important steps which are mentioned below.

Step 1:
First of all, you need to gather the items which would be required by you for cleaning the microwave. This includes rubber gloves, microwavable bowl, lemon juice, washing up detergent, kitchen spray and the metal scourer. You also need to keep a soft cloth and the paper towel with you.

Step 2:
Now you require clearing the area inside the microwave. Make sure that everything is cleared out from top as well as side of the microwave. Ensure that you are also removing the glass plate from it so that you can easily clean the whole surface.

Step 3:
You need to fill up the microwavable bowl with about third full of water and add few drops of lemon juice to it. Now place this bowl in the microwave and let it boil for around 3 minutes. With the steam of the boiling water, the dirt inside will get soften and lemon juice will act as an agent to remove any bad smells from it.

Step 4:
With the help of detergent powder and the warm water, wash the glass plate smoothly. You must also scrub it with the metal scourer to remove all kind of dirt and dried food.

Step5:
Spray the kitchen spray inside the microwave to clean it completely and then wipe it with asoft cloth. Make sure that you are cleaning each and every corner of the microwave. Once that is done, wipe the glass plate with the paper towel and place it inside.

Step 6:
After all the above mentioned things are done, have a final look at the microwave and place all the things back into the microwave.

How to Get Rid of Rust Stains?

Most people discard objects having rust stains on them, thinking that they are of no use anymore. This is far from the truth. Rust stains are removable. No matter which object they affect it is possible to get rid of them.

If rust stains have spoilt your clothes there are a few ways to fight it back. Put many paper layers on the area stained with rust. Dip it in concentrated lemon juice and hang the cloth in a way that sunlight directly falls on to it. Let it dry completely. Now wash it in your usual manner. You will find that the rust stain has vanished from your clothes.

Another way to remove the rust stain is to take some cream of tartar and mix it with water and wash the cloth with it. This will remove the stain up to a great level but will require a usual wash too.

There are a few products dedicated to rust stain removal that are available in the market. One thing is to be kept in mind is to follow the instructions carefully to avoid any harm to the cloth material or color.

If rust stains affect your cooking utensils you may follow the below mentioned ways of getting rid of it.

Dip the affected container in a solution of water, lemon juice and white vinegar overnight and scrub the next day for great results. In case the stain still doesn’t get completely removed make the solution stronger and again dip the container for about ten more hours. Scrub again and see the stain vanish from your utensil.

Removal of rust stain is possible with an acid based product. Acid is strong enough to fight out the stubborn stains. Oxalic acid may be used too for stain removal. This must be handled very carefully, should be keep away from pets and young children. You must be wearing apron and rubber gloves in hands to avoid any mishap while handling this acid. Hydrofluoric acid is also strong enough.

Rhubarb is also considered to be very useful in rust stain removal. You may also choose to soak a cloth in water and then add ZUD to remove the stain from the affected area.

It is also believed that cola mixed with salt can also remove rust stains. If you do not want to complicate the procedure, a lemon can be squeezed on the affected area and drop one table spoonful of salt on to it and scrub to get rid of that rust stain. However there are a few don’ts too. Chlorine bleach must never be used on a rust stain.

It is indeed a little difficult to get rid of the stains of this orange red chemical developed by an iron coming in contact with water and oxygen and getting corroded. If correct measures are adopted for rust stain removal, the process becomes easier and a lot of money can be saved.

How to Get Rid of Ring around the Collar?

If you have bad stains around your collar it shows up prominently. This means you need to use a method to remove these from the collar and make your shirts pristine.

Stains which are around the collar usually are composed of dirt and grime and remains of the body oils. Much as it cannot be prevented, it can be removed.

Follow these easy ways to remove stains. You will need:
• One old toothbrush
• Some detergent soap
• Some liquid grease remover
• Some bleaching agent
• Dish-washing soap
• A small pumice stone
• Some vinegar

1. Pre-treat the shirt. Check the label at the back for washing instructions.
2. Empty pockets
3. Place the shirt on a flat floor or space
4. Lay down the stained shirt over the surface
5. Apply the grease removing liquid with the toothbrush
6. Soak the shirt overnight in soap
7. Gently clean the shirt by rubbing on the stain
8. You can use a lanolin hand cleaner to remove the stain
9. Wash the shirt and review the stain
10. If it hasn’t come off repeat the process again till it comes off

These cleaning techniques are used by mechanics to remove oil and grease on their hands. You can also use these cleaners to remove stains on your shirt.

You can make a home- made stain remover if you do not want to spend all this money on different stain removers. The method is to mix some home ammonia and some liquid detergent in water.

Fill up a sprayer with it. Spray this solution and rub it on the shirt with an old toothbrush.

Stand it in the solution for sometime before you wash it.